An aquifer test (or a pumping test) is conducted to evaluate an aquifer by "stimulating" the aquifer through constant pumping, and observing the aquifer's "response" (drawdown) in observation wells. Aquifer testing is a common tool that hydrogeologists use to characterize a system of aquifers, aquitards and flow system boundaries.
A slug test is a variation on the typical aquifer test where an instantaneous change (increase or decrease) is made, and the effects are observed in the same well. This is often used in geotechnical or engineering settings to get a quick estimate (minutes instead of days) of the aquifer properties immediately around the well.
Aquifer tests are typically interpreted by using an analytical model of aquifer flow (the most fundamental being the Theis solution) to match the data observed in the real world, then assuming that the parameters from the idealized model apply to the real-world aquifer. In more complex cases, a numerical model may be used to analyze the results of an aquifer test, but adding complexity does not ensure better results (see parsimony).
Aquifer testing differs from well testing in that the behaviour of the well is primarily of concern in the latter, while the characteristics of the aquifer are quantified in the former. Aquifer testing also often utilizes one or more monitoring wells, or piezometers ("point" observation wells). A monitoring well is simply a well which is not being pumped (but is used to monitor the hydraulic head in the aquifer). Typically monitoring and pumping wells are screened across the same aquifers.
Other articles related to "aquifer test, test, tests":
... Of critical importance in both aquifer and well testing is the accurate recording of data ... Not only must water levels and the time of the measurement be carefully recorded, but the pumping rates must be periodically checked and recorded ...
... or out of the well is not constant, as is the case in a typical aquifer test, the standard Theis solution does not work ... for a step increase in discharge rate at the pumping well a slug test is instead an instantaneous pulse at the pumping well ... (or more precisely a convolution) of an infinite number of sequential slug tests through time would effectively be a "standard" Theis aquifer test ...
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