The Apple 80-Column Text Card was an expansion card for the Apple IIe computer to give it the option of displaying 80 columns of text instead of the usual 40 columns. Two models were available; the cheaper 80-column card had just enough extra RAM to double the video memory capacity, and the Extended 80-Column Text Card had an additional 64 kilobytes of RAM, bringing the computer's total RAM to 128kB.
These cards went in the IIe's "Auxiliary Slot", which existed in addition to the 7 standard Apple II peripheral slots present on all expandable Apple II series machines. Although in a separate slot, the card was closely associated with slot #3 of the 7 standard slots, using some of the hardware and firmware functions that would have otherwise been allocated to slot 3, because third-party 80-column cards had traditionally been placed in slot 3 on the earlier Apple II and Apple II Plus machines.
The "extended" version of the card features a jumper block (J1) that when installed enabled the double high-resolution capability. Since early "Revision A" Apple IIe motherboards were incapable of supporting the bank switching needed for the enhanced graphics mode, the block needed to be removed to disable the feature.
As with many Apple II products, clone cards were also produced that performed a similar function, and some types of 80-column cards were even available for the older Apple II and Apple II Plus, which did not feature a dedicated slot for this card.
Soon after the release of the Apple IIe, 80-column text support became a basic requirement of many software packages. Later, 128kB (and therefore the Extended card) became a minimum requirement for major programs. All versions of the extremely popular AppleWorks, in particular, required 80-column support, and the last Apple II versions of AppleWorks required 128kB of memory. In the later years of the Apple IIe, the Extended 80-column card was standard on all new machines; and likewise, all Apple II series computers released after the Apple IIe had at least 128 kB of RAM and hardware that acted identically to an Extended 80-column card.
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