Apes are Old World anthropoid mammals, more specifically a clade of tailless catarrhine primates, belonging to the biological superfamily Hominoidea. The apes are native to Africa and South-east Asia. Apes are the largest primates and the orangutan, an ape, is the largest living arboreal animal. Hominoids are traditionally forest dwellers, although chimpanzees may range into savanna, and the extinct australopithecines were likely also savanna inhabitants, inferred from their morphology. Humans inhabit almost every terrestrial habitat.
Hominoidea contains two families of living (extant) species:
- Hylobatidae consists of four genera and sixteen species of gibbon, including the lar gibbon and the siamang. They are commonly referred to as lesser apes.
- Hominidae consists of orangutans, gorillas, chimpanzees, bonobos and humans. Alternatively, the hominidae family are collectively described as the great apes.
Members of the superfamily are called hominoids (not to be confused with "hominids" or "hominins").
Some or all hominoids are also called "apes". However, the term "ape" is used in several different senses. It has been used as a synonym for "monkey" or for any tailless primate with a humanlike appearance. Thus the Barbary macaque, a kind of monkey, is popularly called the "Barbary ape" to indicate its lack of a tail. Biologists have used the term "ape" to mean a member of the superfamily Hominoidea other than humans, or more recently to mean all members of the superfamily Hominoidea, so that "ape" becomes another word for "hominoid". See also Primate: Historical and modern terminology.
Except for gorillas and humans, hominoids are agile climbers of trees. Their diet is best described as vegetarian or omnivorous, consisting of leaves, nuts, seeds and fruits, including grass seeds, and in most cases other animals, either hunted or scavenged (or farmed in the case of humans), along with anything else available and easily digested.
Most nonhuman hominoids are rare or endangered. The chief threat to most of the endangered species is loss of tropical rainforest habitat, though some populations are further imperiled by hunting for bushmeat.
Other articles related to "ape, apes":
... Satyrus (also known as callitrix, cericopithicus, and cynocephalus) is a species of ape described in some medieval bestiaries ... The ape is also described as lively and having a pleasant face ...
... Lancelot Link (played by Tonga, voiced by Dayton Allen) Mata Hairi (played by Debbie, voiced by Joan Gerber) - Her name was a take-off on Mata Hari ... Commander Darwin (voiced by Dayton Allen) - Named after Charles Darwin Bruce - Official APE courier ...
... The Ape-Men consist of all the species of upright apes that developed into man, each group lives in its own territory and has its own level of technology ... The most advanced species of Ape-Man (the Neanderthals) are the most dominant human race of the Savage Land and are capable of bringing down even the largest of dinosaurs ... The Ape-Men first appeared in Ka-Zar the Savage #11 ...
... titles in the series such as Pipo Saru 2001 and Ape Escape Pumped Primed, the game borrows heavily from Ape Escape 3 ... The same graphic engine is used, which is a first for Ape Escape, as usually all game's graphic's are re-created for each game ... In a different approach to the normal Ape Escape gameplay, SaruSaru Big Mission has you controlling the Pipo Helmet shaped lab ...
Famous quotes containing the word ape:
“What is the ape to man? A laughing-stock or a painful embarrassment. And just that shall man be for the superman: a laughing-stock or a painful embarrassment.”
—Friedrich Nietzsche (18441900)
“Nevertheless, it is even harder for the average ape to believe that he has descended from man.”
—H.L. (Henry Lewis)
“Mass ought to be in Latin, unless you cd. do it in Greek or Chinese. In fact, any abracadabra that no bloody member of the public or half-educated ape of a clargimint cd. think he understood.”
—Ezra Pound (18851972)