Angioplasty

Angioplasty is the technique of mechanically widening narrowed or obstructed arteries, the latter typically being a result of atherosclerosis. An empty and collapsed balloon on a guide wire, known as a balloon catheter, is passed into the narrowed locations and then inflated to a fixed size using water pressures some 75 to 500 times normal blood pressure (6 to 20 atmospheres). The balloon crushes the fatty deposits, opening up the blood vessel for improved flow, and the balloon is then deflated and withdrawn. A stent may or may not be inserted at the time of ballooning to ensure the vessel remains open.

The word is composed of the combining forms of the Greek words ἀγγεῖον angīonvessel’/‘cavity’ (of the human body) and πλάσσω plasso ‘form’/‘mould’. Angioplasty has come to include all manner of vascular interventions that are typically performed in a minimally invasive or percutaneous method.

Read more about AngioplastyMedical Uses, After The Procedure, Peripheral Angioplasty, Coronary Angioplasty, Renal Artery Angioplasty, Carotid Angioplasty, Cerebral Arteries Angioplasty, History

Other articles related to "angioplasty":

History Of Invasive And Interventional Cardiology - Catheterization of Humans - Development of The Intracoronary Stent
... From the time of the initial percutaneous balloon angioplasty, it was theorized that devices could be placed inside the arteries as scaffolds to keep them open after a ... use can decrease the incidence of emergency bypass surgery for acute complications post balloon angioplasty ... stent when compared to those who underwent just balloon angioplasty ...
Tirofiban - Duration of Therapy
... and do not undergo angiography and angioplasty should be treated for at least 48 hours ... Patients proceeding into angiography and angioplasty should continue throughout both procedures and for at least 12 hours, and not more than 24 hours after angioplasty ...
Angioplasty - History
... Angioplasty was initially described by the US interventional radiologist Charles Dotter in 1964 ... modern medicine with the invention of angioplasty and the catheter-delivered stent, which were first used to treat peripheral arterial disease ... The first coronary angioplasty on a waking patient was performed by the German cardiologist Andreas Gruentzig in September 1977 ...
Melrose-Wakefield Hospital - History - 2006–present: The Hospital Today
... In early September 2006, Melrose-Wakefield Hospital began offering elective angioplasty after being selected by the Massachusetts Department of Public Health (DPH) to participate ... to participate in the "MASS COMM Trial" that studied the benefits of elective (non-emergency) angioplasty without on-site cardiac surgery back-up ...
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention - History
... Coronary angioplasty, also known as percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), because it's done through the skin and through the lumen of the artery, was first developed in 1977 ... Angioplasty is sometimes erroneously referred to as Dottering, after Interventional Radiologist, Dr Charles Theodore Dotter, who, together with Dr Melvin P ... Judkins, first described angioplasty in 1964 ...