Android (operating System)

Android (operating System)

Android is a Linux-based operating system designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers. Initially developed by Android, Inc., which Google backed financially and later purchased in 2005, Android was unveiled in 2007 along with the founding of the Open Handset Alliance: a consortium of hardware, software, and telecommunication companies devoted to advancing open standards for mobile devices. The first Android-powered phone was sold in October 2008.

Android is open source and Google releases the code under the Apache License. This open source code and permissive licensing allows the software to be freely modified and distributed by device manufacturers, wireless carriers and enthusiast developers. Additionally, Android has a large community of developers writing applications ("apps") that extend the functionality of devices, written primarily in a customized version of the Java programming language. In October 2012, there were approximately 700,000 apps available for Android, and the estimated number of applications downloaded from Google Play, Android's primary app store, was 25 billion.

These factors have allowed Android to become the world's most widely used smartphone platform, overtaking Symbian in the fourth quarter of 2010, and the software of choice for technology companies who require a low-cost, customizable, lightweight operating system for high tech devices without developing one from scratch. As a result, despite being primarily designed for phones and tablets, it has seen additional applications on televisions, games consoles and other electronics. Android's open nature has further encouraged a large community of developers and enthusiasts to use the open source code as a foundation for community-driven projects, which add new features for advanced users or bring Android to devices which were officially released running other operating systems.

Android had a worldwide smartphone market share of 75% during the third quarter of 2012, with 500 million devices activated in total and 1.3 million activations per day. The operating system's success has made it a target for patent litigation as part of the so-called "smartphone wars" between technology companies.

The Android operating system is represented by an apple green robot logo, designed by California-based graphic designer Irina Blok.

Read more about Android (operating System):  History, Development, Security and Privacy, Licensing, Reception, Copyrights and Patents, Beyond Smartphones and Tablets

Other articles related to "android, android operating system":

Android (operating System) - Beyond Smartphones and Tablets
... The open and customizable nature of Androidallows it to be used on other electronics,including laptops and netbooks,smartbooks smart TVs Google TV)and cameras Nikon Coolpix ... In addition,the Android operating systemoperating systemhas seen applications on smart glasses Project Glass) wristwatches,headphones,car CD and DVD players,mirrors,portable ... Ouya,an upcoming videogames console running Android became one of the most successful Kickstarter campaigns,crowdfunding US$8.5m for its development ...

Famous quotes containing the word android:

    I’ve seen things you people wouldn’t believe. Attack ships on fire off the shoulder of Orion. I watched seabeams glitter in the dark near the Tennhauser Gate. All those moments will be lost in time like tears in rain. Time to die.
    David Webb Peoples, U.S. screenwriter, and Ridley Scott. Roy Batty, Blade Runner, final words before dying—as an android he had a built-in life span that expired (1982)