Andreas Röschlaub - Role in German Romantic Medicine - Debate On Human Nature

Debate On Human Nature

The Enlightenment view of human nature was an essentially static one (the unique individual who could be perfected according to reason), that of Romantic medicine dynamic (man was unique, but also evolving). While the idea of the mutability of human nature had emerged in the 1700s, it took root in the "dynamization and historification of consciousness through German philosophy."

German philosophy had an emerging view of life and consciousness as activity and action, such as expressed by Fichte: "The only Being is Life. And the modes of action are the only reality of the I." which Röschlaub often quoted, and which idea he expressed himself: "If we call the efficacy of living actions 'Life', then we must say by way of epitomizing this that all these bodies live." (1800) Out of this conception came the possibility of a new presentation of the relation between subject (I, consciousness-organism) and object (outer world, nature). The outer world wins for the first time a fundamental significance for the 'subject'; it can be seen as the ground of consciousness and life; it conditions namely the mode of the subject without annulling it; it is the stimulus of activity which modulates the subject, a view that was strikingly close to that held by John Brown, but which could not be perceived except in the more dynamic context of German Romantic medicine.

The healthcare implications were that a dynamic view considered therapeutic measures affecting the interior milieu important considerations for the physician.Röschlaub entered the debate on this issue arguing for the role of the physician in "social medicine" or hygiene, and the importance of hygiene itself to a scientific medicine, a position that was largely taken up later by Virchow, whose views on this in 1849 could have been word-for-word those of Röschlaub.

If medicine is to really fulfill its great task, then it must intervene in political and social life at large; it must list the hindrances which stand in the way of the normal fulfillment of the life processes, and work to eliminate them. Should that ever be achieved, then will medicine be as it ought to be – a common property for all. It will then cease to be medicine and will merge into the general, unified body of scientific knowledge which is synonymous with 'know-how'.

However, where Virchow only saw hygiene as a prophylactic measure (negative role), Röschlaub also advocated a positive role, that is, the use of remedial measures to promote health. This was an idea that was largely forgotten until revived by Hans Buchner in 1896 in a lecture on Biology and Health Doctrine, which caused quite a stir in German medical circles, but which also raises the question as to the goal of therapy, a question answered several decades later by the work of Wilhelm Reich and his function of the orgasm (special theory) and the more overarching theory of 'super-imposition.'

Read more about this topic:  Andreas Röschlaub, Role in German Romantic Medicine

Other articles related to "human, humans":

Religion And Sexuality - Modern Practice - Christianity - Catholic
... the Body The Catholic Church affirms the sanctity of human life, from conception to natural death ... The Church believes the human being has been created in the "image and likeness of God", and that human life should not be weighed against other values such as economy ... that he had made, and, behold, it was very good." then the human body and sex must likewise be good ...
Superoxide Dismutase - Types - Human
... Three forms of superoxide dismutase are present in humans, in all other mammals, and most chordates ... SOD1, soluble Crystallographic structure of the human SOD1 enzyme (rainbow colored N-terminus = blue, C-terminus = red) complexed with copper (blue-green sphere) and zinc (grey spheres). 21 q22.1 SOD2, mitochondrial Structure of the active site of human superoxide dismutase 2 ...
History Of Ivory Coast
... The date of the first human presence in Ivory Coast (also officially called Côte d'Ivoire) has been difficult to determine because human remains ... fishing) in the country has been interpreted as a possible indication of a large human presence during the Upper Paleolithic period (15,000 to 10,000 BC), or at the minimum, the Neolithic period ...
Rat - Culture - Fiction
... vocalizations are very high-pitched, well outside the range of human hearing ... theories on evolutionary psychology and human behaviors by using short sequences in the storyline showing lab rat experiments ... In Harry Turtledove's science fiction novel Homeward Bound, humans unintentionally introduce rats to the ecology at the home world of an alien race which previously ...
Religion And Sexuality
... people's sexuality in society and in human interactions ... Sexuality and reproduction are fundamental elements in human interaction and society worldwide ... is one of the universals of culture peculiar to all human societies ...

Famous quotes containing the words nature, debate and/or human:

    The foregoing generations beheld God and nature face to face; we, through their eyes. Why should not we also enjoy an original relation to the universe? Why should not we have a poetry and philosophy of insight and not of tradition, and a religion by revelation to us, and not the history of theirs?
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

    Like man and wife who nightly keep
    Inconsequent debate in sleep
    As they dream side by side.
    Robert Graves (1895–1985)

    We all want to help one another. Human beings are like that. We want to live by each other’s happiness, not by each other’s misery.
    Charlie Chaplin (1889–1977)