Ancient history is the study of the written past from the beginning of recorded human history to the Early Middle Ages. The span of recorded history is roughly 5,000 years, with Cuneiform script, the oldest discovered form of coherent writing, from the protoliterate period around the 30th century BC. This is the beginning of history, as opposed to prehistory, according to the definition used by most historians.
The term classical antiquity is often used to refer to history in the Old World from the beginning of recorded Greek history in 776 BC (First Olympiad). This roughly coincides with the traditional date of the founding of Rome in 753 BC, the beginning of the history of ancient Rome, and the beginning of the Archaic period in Ancient Greece. Although the ending date of ancient history is disputed, some Western scholars use the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD, the closure of the Platonic Academy in 529 AD, the death of the emperor Justinian I, the coming of Islam or the rise of Charlemagne as the end of ancient and Classical European history.
In India, the period includes the early period of the Middle Kingdoms, and, in China, the time up to the Qin Dynasty is included.
Other articles related to "history, ancient history, ancient":
... English classical historian, best known in the field for a major work, the voluminous History of Greece, still read ... British classical historian and sociologist, professor of ancient history at the University of Cambridge 1985–2001 ... a Fellow of New College, Oxford, Lecturer in Ancient History at Exeter College, Oxford and University Reader in Ancient History ...
... However, some sections can be suggested History this should include both recent history (who is teaching now, where they learned, how the art came to be widely known ... Ancient history will very often be a matter of debate in order to maintain a neutral point of view, all versions in common circulation should be described, whether plausible or not, with ... Ancient history may well be shared with related arts, so this might belong on the family page ...
... Aqaba has been an inhabited settlement since 4000 BC profiting from its strategic location at the junction of trading routes between Asia, Africa, and Europe ... The early settlement was presumably Edomite in ancient times ...
... Ancient music is music that developed in literate cultures, replacing prehistoric music ... Ancient music refers to the various musical systems that were developed across various geographical regions such as Persia, India, China, Greece, Rome, Egypt and Mesopotamia (see music of ... Ancient music is designated by the characterization of the basic audible tones and scales ...
Famous quotes containing the words history and/or ancient:
“Bias, point of view, furyare they ... so dangerous and must they be ironed out of history, the hills flattened and the contours leveled? The professors talk ... about passion and point of view in history as a Calvinist talks about sin in the bedroom.”
—Catherine Drinker Bowen (18971973)
“The mouth of the drowned dog. After long rain the land
Was sodden as the bed of an ancient lake,
Treed with iron and birdless.”
—Ted Hughes (b. 1930)