Amsterdam

Amsterdam ( /ˈæmstərdæm/; ) is the largest city and the capital of the Netherlands. The city's status as the capital of the nation is governed by the constitution. Amsterdam has a population of 820,256 within city limits, an urban population of 1,209,419 and a metropolitan population of 2,289,762. The city is located in the province of North Holland in the west of the country. It comprises the northern part of the Randstad, one of the larger conurbations in Europe, with a population of approximately 7 million.

Amsterdam's name is derived from Amstelredamme, indicative of the city's origin: a dam in the river Amstel. Settled as a small fishing village in the late 12th century, Amsterdam became one of the most important ports in the world during the Dutch Golden Age, a result of its innovative developments in trade. During that time, the city was the leading center for finance and diamonds. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the city expanded, and many new neighborhoods and suburbs were formed. The 17th-century canals of Amsterdam (in Dutch: 'Grachtengordel'), located in the heart of Amsterdam, were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in July 2010.

As Netherlands' commercial capital and one of the top financial centres in Europe, Amsterdam is considered an alpha world city by the Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) study group. The city is also cultural capital of the Netherlands. Many large Dutch institutions have their headquarters there, and 7 of the world's top 500 companies, including Philips and ING, are based in the city. In 2010, Amsterdam was ranked 13th globally on quality of living by Mercer, and previously ranked 3rd in innovation by 2thinknow in the Innovation Cities Index 2009.

The Amsterdam Stock Exchange, the oldest stock exchange in the world, is located in the city center. Amsterdam's main attractions, including its historic canals, the Rijksmuseum, the Van Gogh Museum, Stedelijk Museum, Hermitage Amsterdam, Anne Frank House, Amsterdam Museum, its red-light district, and its many cannabis coffee shops draw more than 3.66 million international visitors annually.

Read more about Amsterdam:  History, Geography, Cityscape and Architecture, Government, Economy, Demographics, Transport, Education, Housing, Culture and Entertainment

Other articles related to "amsterdam":

Amsterdam, Mpumalanga
... Amsterdam is a small sheep farming town in Mpumalanga, South Africa ... At first called Roburnial the name was changed on 5 July 1882 to Amsterdam, after the Dutch city where the State Secretary, Eduard Bok, was born, and out of gratitude for Dutch sympathy during the First ...
Stelling Van Amsterdam
... The UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the Defence Line of Amsterdam (in Dutch named Stelling van Amsterdam) is a 135 km long ring of fortifications around Amsterdam, consisting of 42 forts located between ... The Stelling van Amsterdam was constructed between 1880 and 1920 ...
Stelling Van Amsterdam - Function
... The Stelling van Amsterdam was primarily a defensive "water line" (in Dutch waterlinie) ... In the event of an enemy attack, large tracts of land around Amsterdam would be inundated with water, preventing the enemy from advancing ... Amsterdam would function as a national reduit, as the last stronghold of the Netherlands ...
Stelling Van Amsterdam - Service
... The Stelling van Amsterdam has never seen combat service and the use of aircraft rendered it obsolete after World War I ... portion of the polder while the northern portion could continue to produce food for Amsterdam, is now cut by the A4 Motorway ... In 1996 the complete Stelling van Amsterdam was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site ...
Nicolaes Tulp - Career As A Physician
... The career of Dr Tulp matched the success of Amsterdam ... As the population of Amsterdam grew from 30,000 in 1580 to 210,000 in 1650, Dr Tulp's career as a doctor and politician made him a man of influence ... to his connections on the city council, in 1628 Tulp was appointed Praelector Anatomiae at the Amsterdam Guild of Surgeons ...

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