American Force

American Force

The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States of America. They consist of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard. The U.S. has a strong tradition of civilian control of the military. The President is the military's overall head, and helps form military policy with the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), a federal executive department, acting as the principal organ by which military policy is carried out. The DoD is headed by the Secretary of Defense, who is a civilian and Cabinet member. The Defense Secretary is second in the military's chain of command, just below the President, and serves as the principal assistant to the President in all DoD-related matters. To coordinate military action with diplomacy, the President has an advisory National Security Council headed by a National Security Advisor. Both the President and Secretary of Defense are advised by a seven-member Joint Chiefs of Staff, which includes the head of each of the Defense Department's service branches as well as the chief of the National Guard Bureau. Leadership is provided by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The Commandant of the Coast Guard is not a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

All of the branches work together during operations and joint missions, under the Unified Combatant Commands, under the authority of the Secretary of Defense with the exception of the Coast Guard. The Coast Guard falls under the administration of the Department of Homeland Security and receives its operational orders from the Secretary of Homeland Security. The Coast Guard may be transferred to the Department of the Navy by the President or Congress during a time of war. All five armed services are among the seven uniformed services of the United States; the others are the U.S. Public Health Service Commissioned Corps and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Corps.

From the time of its inception, the military played a decisive role in the history of the United States. A sense of national unity and identity was forged out of the victorious the First Barbary War and the Second Barbary War, as well as the War of 1812. Even so, the Founders were suspicious of a permanent military force and not until the outbreak of World War II did a large standing army become officially established. The National Security Act of 1947, adopted following World War II and during the Cold War's onset, created the modern U.S. military framework; the Act merged previously Cabinet-level Department of War and the Department of the Navy into the National Military Establishment (renamed the Department of Defense in 1949), headed by the Secretary of Defense; and created the Department of the Air Force and National Security Council.

The U.S. military is one of the largest militaries in terms of number of personnel. It draws its manpower from a large pool of paid volunteers; although conscription has been used in the past in various times of both war and peace, it has not been used since 1972. As of 2011, the U.S. spends about $550 billion annually to fund its military forces, and appropriates approximately $160 billion to fund Overseas Contingency Operations. Put together, the U.S. constitutes roughly 43 percent of the world's military expenditures. The U.S. Armed Forces as a whole possess large quantities of advanced and powerful equipment, along with widespread placement of forces around the world, giving them significant capabilities in both defense and power projection.

Read more about American Force:  History, Budget, Personnel, Order of Precedence

Other articles related to "american force, american, americans, force, forces":

American Force (wrestling) - History - American Force
... American Force Tag team Members Paul Diamond Shawn Michaels Name(s) American Force Heights Diamond 6 ft 1 in (1.85 m) Michaels 6 ft 1 in (1.85 m) Combined weight 455 lb (206 kg ... after defeating Madril in a singles match, he chose to give the titles to the American Breed instead, only now the American Breed consisted of Paul Diamond and a rookie named Shawn Michaels ... The team was later renamed American Force ...
List Of Former Sovereign States - Modern States - States and Territories Grouped By Geographical Location - North and Central America
... Native Americans in the United States and the First Nations of Canada had established varying levels of governmental organization before contact with Europeans ... government and the Iroquois the treaty is still in force, though the Confederacy is no longer effectively an independent nation ... triggered the Mexican-American War the next year 1846 ...
Gilbert Du Motier, Marquis De Lafayette - American Revolution - Barren Hill, Monmouth and Rhode Island
... Further information Battle of Barren Hill and Battle of Monmouth The Americans tried to sense the British forces' reaction to France's entering the war. 1778, Washington dispatched Lafayette with a 2,200-man force to reconnoitre near Barren Hill, Pennsylvania ... was then able to cross Matson's Ford with the remainder of his force ...
Marquis De Lafayette - American Revolution - Barren Hill, Monmouth and Rhode Island
... Further information Battle of Barren Hill and Battle of Monmouth The Americans tried to sense the British forces' reaction to France's entering the war ... On 18 May 1778, Washington dispatched Lafayette with a 2,200-man force to reconnoitre near Barren Hill, Pennsylvania ... Lafayette was then able to cross Matson's Ford with the remainder of his force ...
American Force - Order of Precedence
... current Department of Defense regulation, the various components of the Armed Forces have a set order of seniority ... the Coast Guard shall operate as part of the Navy) Cadets, US Air Force Academy Cadets, United States Coast Guard Academy (when the Coast Guard shall operate as part of the Department of ...

Famous quotes containing the words force and/or american:

    Like a kick in the butt, the force of events wakes slumberous talents.
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