Alyutor Language - Typology

Typology

Alutor is a polysynthetic language.

ŋan(.ina) ulʲlʲaʔu.tku=ʔuttə-k na-n.illitə-tkə-ni-na…
that+3PL walk.into.woods.masked=stick-LOC LOW.A-hang-IPF-3.SG.A+3P-3PL.P
'Those things on a stick, which wear masks, hung ...'

The morphology is agglutinative, with extensive prefixes and suffixes.

qəlʲippə tətu-kki ɣeqə-masla-ta a-mal-ka.
bread+NOM+SG eat.with.something-INF ASSOC⟩butter⟨ASSOC good
'Bread (eaten) with butter is excellent.'

The argument structure is ergative.

ə-nannə ɣəmmə ina-ɣal-e.
he-ERG me+ABS 1SG.P-walk.past-3SG.A
'He walked past me.'

The word order is variable, and it is difficult to say which typology is basic. The verb-absolutive orders AVO and VAO are perhaps most common.

tita·qa qutkinʲnʲaqu-nak maŋ.ki·ʔana ɣa-laʔu-lin ənnə-ʔən.
once (name)-ERG+SG somewhere RES⟩see⟨RES+3SG.P fishABS+SG
'Once Qutkinnyaqu saw a fish somewhere.'
ɣa-nvə-lin qutkinʲnʲaqu-nak təlɣə-lŋən ŋan.tiŋ.
RES⟩poke⟨RES+3SG.P (name)-ERG+SG finger-ABS+SG there
'Qutkinnyaqu stuck his finger there.'

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