Almond - Aflatoxins

Aflatoxins

Almond, like some other tree nuts, are susceptible to aflatoxin-producing molds. Aflatoxins are potent carcinogenic chemicals produced by molds such as Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus. The mold contamination may occur from soil, previously infested almonds, and almond pests such as navel orangeworm. High levels of mold growth typically appear as gray to black filament like growth. It is unsafe to eat mold infected tree nuts.

Some countries have strict limits on allowable limits for aflatoxin contamination on almonds, and require adequate testing before the nuts can be marketed to their citizens. The European Union, for example, introduced a mandatory requirement since 2007 that all almond shipments to EU must be tested for aflatoxin. If aflatoxin does not meet the strict safety regulations, the entire consignment may be reprocessed to eliminate the aflatoxin or it must be destroyed.

The almond industry not only tests and processes almonds to ensure infected almonds do not reach the market, the industry also takes steps to prevent sources that cause contamination. These steps include proper orchard management, winter sanitation, early harvest, proper storage among others.

Read more about this topic:  Almond

Other articles related to "aflatoxin, aflatoxins":

Aflatoxin Total Synthesis
... Aflatoxin total synthesis concerns the total synthesis of a group of organic compounds called aflatoxins ... in organic chemistry, the organic synthesis of aflatoxins serve different purposes ... Aflatoxins in particular add another dimension because it is suspected that they have been mass produced in the past from biological sources as part of a biological weapons program ...
Badam - Aflatoxins
... Almond, like some other tree nuts, are susceptible to aflatoxin-producing molds ... Aflatoxins are potent carcinogenic chemicals produced by molds such as Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus ... almond shipments to EU must be tested for aflatoxin ...
Foodborne Illness - Causes - Mycotoxins and Alimentary Mycotoxicoses
... outbreak which occurred in the UK in 1960 caused the death of 100,000 turkeys which had consumed aflatoxin-contaminated peanut meal ... The common foodborne Mycotoxins include Aflatoxins – originated from Aspergillus parasiticus and Aspergillus flavus ... The pronounced forms of Aflatoxins are those of B1, B2, G1, and G2, amongst which Aflatoxin B1 predominantly targets the liver, which will result in necrosis, cirrhosis, and carcinoma ...
Bacterial Toxin - Mycotoxins
... During the early 1960s, the discovery of aflatoxins associated with massive deaths of poultry, trout and other domesticated animals species worldwide raised new awareness that these fungi ... Research on aflatoxins led to a so-called 'golden age' of mycotoxin research, during which many new fungal toxins were discovered from species of Aspergillus and other common moulds ... In addition to aflatoxins, other important Aspergillus mycotoxins include ochratoxin, patulin and fumagillin ...
Mycotoxicology
... Aflatoxin, for example, is a hepatotoxic, mutagenic, carcinogenic, difuran-containing, polyketide-derived Aspergillus toxin ... Aflatoxins The aflatoxins were isolated and characterized after the death of more than 100,000 turkey poults (turkey X disease) was traced to the consumption ... The four major aflatoxins are called B1, B2, G1, and G2 based on their fluorescence under UV light (blue or green) and relative chromatographic mobility during thin-layer chromatography ...