All-India Muslim League

The All-India Muslim League,(Urdu: آل انڈیا مسلم لیگ‎), was a political party which advocated the creation of a separate Muslim-majority nation, Pakistan. It emerged from the Aligarh Movement, formed originally to promote a modern education for Muslims. It was founded by the All India Muhammadan Educational Conference at Dhaka (now Bangladesh), in 1906, in the midst of the protests over the partition of Bengal in 1905. The goal was to define and advance Muslim agendas, protect Muslim rights in India, and present a unified Muslim voice to the British Raj which ruled India until 1947. The League until the late 1930s was not a mass organization but represented the landed and commercial Muslim interests of the United Provinces (today's Uttar Pradesh). The Muslim League played a decisive role during the 1940s in the Indian independence movement, as the driving force behind the division of India along religious lines and the creation of Pakistan as a Muslim state in 1947. After the independence of India and Pakistan, the League continued as a minor party in India, especially in Kerala, where it is often in government within a coalition with others. In Pakistan, the League formed the country's first government, but disintegrated during the 1950s following an army coup. One or more factions of the Muslim League have been in power in most of the civilian governments of Pakistan since 1947. In Bangladesh, the party was revived in 1976 and won 14 seats in 1979 parliamentary election. Since then its importance has reduced, rendering it insignificant in the political arena.

Muslim League, political organization of India and Pakistan, founded 1906 as the All-India Muslim League by Aga Khan III. Its original purpose was to safeguard the political rights of Muslims in India. An early leader in the League, Muhammad Iqbal, was one of the first to propose (1930) the creation of a separate Muslim India. By 1940, under the leadership of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, it had gained such power that, for the first time, it demanded the establishment of a Muslim state (Pakistan), despite the opposition of the Indian National Congress. During World War II the Congress was banned, but the League, which supported the British war effort, was allowed to function and gained strength. It won nearly all of the Muslim vote in the elections of 1946. The following year saw the division of the Indian subcontinent and the Muslim League became the major political party of newly formed Pakistan. By 1953, however, dissensions within the League had led to the formation of several different political parties.

Between 1958 and 1962, while martial law was in force under Muhammad Ayub Khan, the League was officially defunct. Later, the League reformed into two separate factions: the Convention Muslim League (under Ayub) and the Council Muslim League. This latter group joined a united front with other political parties in 1967 in opposition to the group led by Ayub. The Convention Muslim League ceased to exist when Ayub Khan resigned in 1969. The Council Muslim League, which had brought about the founding of Pakistan, was virtually eliminated from the political scene in the elections of 1970.

Since the lifting of restrictions on political parties in 1985 a number of parties have used the name Pakistan Muslim League, but they have little real connection with the original Muslim League. The Muslim League survived as a minor party in India after partition, and since 1988 has splintered into several groups, the most important of which is the Indian Union Muslim League.

Read more about All-India Muslim LeagueFounding Fathers, Foundation, Early Years, Communalism Grows, Conception of Pakistan, Campaign For Pakistan, Impact On The Future Courses of India and Pakistan, Historical Versions

Other articles related to "muslims, muslim, muslim league":

Syed Ahmad Khan - Political Career - All-India Muslim League
... Ahmad Khan helped form the All-India Muslim League (AIML) ... in 1886 in order to uplift Western education, especially science and literature, among India's Muslims ... Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College, motivated Muslim elites to propose expansion of educational uplift elsewhere, known as the Aligarh Movement ...
All-India Muslim League - Historical Versions
... Historically, Pakistan Muslim League can also refer to any of the following political parties in Pakistan Muslim League (Pakistan), the original successor of All-India ... Convention Muslim League, a political platform created by General Ayub Khan in 1962 when he became the President ... Council Muslim League, a party created by political leaders who opposed General Ayub Khan ...

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