Alanine

Alanine (abbreviated as Ala or A) is an α-amino acid with the chemical formula CH3CH(NH2)COOH. The -isomer is one of the 20 amino acids encoded by the genetic code. Its codons are GCU, GCC, GCA, and GCG. It is classified as a nonpolar amino acid. -Alanine is second only to leucine in rate of occurrence, accounting for 7.8% of the primary structure in a sample of 1,150 proteins. -Alanine occurs in bacterial cell walls and in some peptide antibiotics.

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Other articles related to "alanine":

Alanine - Chemical Properties - Free Radical Stability
... The deamination of an alanine molecule produces a stable alkyl free radical, CH3C•HCOO– ... Deamination can be induced in solid or aqueous alanine by radiation ... This property of alanine is used in dosimetric measurements in radiotherapy ...
Alanine-oxomalonate Transaminase
... In enzymology, an alanine-oxomalonate transaminase (EC 2.6.1.47) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-alanine + oxomalonate pyruvate ... Other names in common use include alanine-oxomalonate aminotransferase, L-alanine-ketomalonate transaminase, and alanine-ketomalonate (mesoxalate) transaminase ...
Sulfinoalanine Decarboxylase
... decarboxylase (EC 4.1.1.29) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 3-sulfino-L-alanine hypotaurine + CO2 Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, 3-sulfino-L-a ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is 3-sulfino-L-alanine carboxy-lyase (hypotaurine-forming) ... acid decarboxylase, cysteinesulfinate decarboxylase, sulfoalanine decarboxylase, and 3-sulfino-L-alanine carboxy-lyase ...
S-carboxymethylcysteine Synthase
... synthase (EC 4.5.1.5) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 3-chloro-L-alanine + thioglycolate S-carboxymethyl-L-cysteine + chloride Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are 3-chloro-L-alanine ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is 3-chloro-L-alanine chloride-lyase (adding thioglycolate S-carboxymethyl-L-cysteine-forming) ...
Alanine-oxo-acid Transaminase
... In enzymology, an alanine-oxo-acid transaminase (EC 2.6.1.12) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-alanine + a 2-oxo acid pyruvate + an L-amino acid Thus ... Other names in common use include L-alanine-alpha-keto acid aminotransferase, leucine-alanine transaminase, alanine-keto acid aminotransferase, and alanine-oxo ... This enzyme participates in alanine and aspartate metabolism ...