Al-Farabi (Arabic: ابونصر محمد بن محمد فارابی‎ / Abū Naṣr Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad Fārābī; for other recorded variants of his name see below) known in the West as Alpharabius (c. 872 in Fārāb – between 14 December, 950 and 12 January, 951 in Damascus), was a renowned scientist and philosopher of the Islamic Golden Age. He was also a cosmologist, logician, and musician.

Through his commentaries and treatises, Al-Farabi became well known among medieval Muslim intellectuals as "The Second Teacher", that is, the successor to Aristotle, "The First Teacher".

Read more about Al-FarabiBiography, Contributions, Philosophical Thought

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Al-Farabi - Works - Practical Philosophy (ethics and Politics)
... application of philosophy is a major concern expressed by al-Farabi in many of his works, and while the majority of his philosophical output has been influenced by ... In a similar manner to Plato's Republic, al-Farabi emphasizes that philosophy is both a theoretical and practical discipline labeling those philosophers who do not ... Al-Farabi compares the philosopher's role in relation to society with a physician in relation to the body the body's health is affected by the "balance of its humours" just as the city is determined by ...