Al-Farabi (Arabic: ابونصر محمد بن محمد فارابی / Abū Naṣr Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad Fārābī; for other recorded variants of his name see below) known in the West as Alpharabius (c. 872 in Fārāb – between 14 December, 950 and 12 January, 951 in Damascus), was a renowned scientist and philosopher of the Islamic Golden Age. He was also a cosmologist, logician, and musician.
Through his commentaries and treatises, Al-Farabi became well known among medieval Muslim intellectuals as "The Second Teacher", that is, the successor to Aristotle, "The First Teacher".
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