Afrikaans

Afrikaans is a West Germanic language, spoken natively in South Africa, Namibia and to a lesser extent in Botswana and Zimbabwe. It originates from 17th century Dutch dialects spoken by the mainly-Dutch settlers of what is now South Africa, where it began to develop independently. Hence, historically, it is a daughter language of Dutch, and was previously referred to as "Cape Dutch" (a term also used to refer collectively to the early Cape settlers) or 'kitchen Dutch' (a crude or derogatory term Afrikaans was called in its earlier days). Although Afrikaans adopted words from languages such as Malay, Portuguese, the Bantu languages, and the Khoisan languages, an estimated 90 to 95 percent of Afrikaans vocabulary is ultimately of Dutch origin. Therefore, differences with Dutch often lie in a more regular morphology, grammar, and spelling of Afrikaans. There is a large degree of mutual intelligibility between the two languages—especially in written form.

With about 7 million native speakers in South Africa, or 13.5 percent of the population, it is the third most spoken mother tongue in the country. It has the widest geographical and racial distribution of all the official languages of South Africa, and is widely spoken and understood as a second or third language. It is the majority language of the western half of South Africa—the provinces of the Northern Cape and Western Cape—and the primary language of the coloured and white communities. In neighbouring Namibia, Afrikaans is widely spoken as a second language and used as lingua franca, while as a native language it is spoken in 11 percent of households, mainly concentrated in the capital Windhoek and the southern regions of Hardap and Karas. Estimates of the total number of Afrikaans-speakers range between 15 and 23 million.

Read more about Afrikaans:  Vowel Sounds, Orthography, History, Grammar, Afrikaans Phrases, Sample Text in Afrikaans, Sociolinguistics, Future of Afrikaans

Other articles related to "afrikaans":

Future of Afrikaans
... South Africa has seen a loss of preferential treatment by the government for Afrikaans, in terms of education, social events, media (TV and Radio), and general status throughout the country ... Nevertheless, Afrikaans remains more prevalent in the media – radio, newspapers and television – than all the other official languages, except for English ... More than 300 titles in Afrikaans are published per year ...
Siyathemba Local Municipality - Main Places
... Most spoken language E'Thembeni 31301 2.14 3,073 Afrikaans Marydale 31302 75.11 2,080 Afrikaans Niekerkshoop 31303 31.01 2,001 Afrikaans Prieska 31304 194.25 8,447 ...
Solidarity (South African Trade Union) - Additional Operations - The Growthfund
... R100 million for the empowerment of the Afrikaans community ... The eventual goal is to collect more than R500 million from the Afrikaans community, for the Afrikaans community ... A new Afrikaans technical college (an expanded version of Sol-Tech), the largest Afrikaans correspondence-college in South Africa and a multi-million rand bursary fund for ...
List Of South African Submissions For The Academy Award For Best Foreign Language Film - Submissions
... Director Result 1989 Mapantsula Zulu, Afrikaans, Sesotho, English Schmitz, OliverOliver Schmitz Not Nominated 1997 Paljas Afrikaans Heyns, KatinkaKatinka Heyns ...
ATKV
... The Afrikaans Language and Culture Association (Afrikaans Afrikaanse Taal- en Kultuurvereniging), ATKV, is a society that aims to promote the Afrikaans language ... speaking Afrikaans and belonging to the Christian faith) ...