Major party African American candidates for President of the United States did not run in primaries until nearly the third quarter of the 20th century, after the passage of the Civil Rights Act (1964) and Voting Rights Act (1965) opened up political participation to blacks in the South. In addition, party changes to give more weight to candidates' performance in primaries, rather than to party leaders' negotiation in secret, opened up the fields. In 2008, Senator Barack Obama was elected the 44th president of the United States, the first African American to win the office.
This article is only about major party candidates who completed full campaigns. Third party candidates and those of major parties who dropped out of the primary process early, can be found at List of African American United States presidential and vice presidential candidates.
Read more about African American Candidates For President Of The United States: President Barack Obama, Impact of African American Presidential Candidates, "Black Presidents?"
... Various commentators have suggested a president could be recognized as the "first black president of the United States" for their contributions to the well-being of African Americans ... because of his role as the "Great Emancipator" of four million blacks in the South after the American Civil War ... Toni Morrison labeled Democrat Bill Clinton the first black president of the United States ...
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“... the Black woman in America can justly be described as a slave of a slave.”
—Frances Beale, African American feminist and civil rights activist. The Black Woman, ch. 14 (1970)
“... when we shall have our amendment to the Constitution of the United States, everyone will think it was always so, just exactly as many young people believe that all the privileges, all the freedom, all the enjoyments which woman now possesses were always hers. They have no idea of how every single inch of ground that she stands upon to-day has been gained by the hard work of some little handful of women of the past.”
—Susan B. Anthony (18201906)
“Vanessa wanted to be a ballerina. Dad had such hopes for her.... Corin was the academically brilliant one, and a fencer of Olympic standard. Everything was expected of them, and they fulfilled all expectations. But I was the one of whom nothing was expected. I remember a game the three of us played. Vanessa was the President of the United States, Corin was the British Prime Ministerand I was the royal dog.”
—Lynn Redgrave (b. 1943)
“What are men celebrating? They are all on a committee of arrangements, and hourly expect a speech from somebody. God is only the president of the day, and Webster is his orator.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)
“I would rather be known as an advocate of equal suffrage than to speak every night on the best-paying platforms in the United States and ignore it.”
—Anna Howard Shaw (18471919)
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—Anna C. Brackett (18361911)
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—Jean Baudrillard (b. 1929)
“Which one of the three candidates would you want your daughter to marry?”
—H. Ross Perot (b. 1930)