Adam–God Doctrine

The Adam–God doctrine (or Adam–God theory) was one of several theological doctrines taught in mid-19th century Mormonism by Brigham Young. Although widely rejected by main-stream Mormonism it is part of the modern theology of some forms of Mormon fundamentalism. According to Young, he was taught by Joseph Smith that: Adam is "our Father and our God, and the only God with whom we have to do".

According to the doctrine, Adam was once a mortal man who became resurrected and exalted. From another planet, Adam brought Eve, one of his wives, with him to the earth, where they became mortal by eating the fruit of the Garden of Eden. After bearing mortal children and establishing the human race, they returned to their heavenly thrones where Adam serves as the god of this world. Later, as Young is generally understood to have taught, Adam returned to the earth to become the literal father of Jesus.

During the life of Brigham Young, elements of the Adam–God doctrine were taught in LDS church meetings, sung in church hymns, and featured as part of the church's Endowment ceremony. However, the doctrine was startling to Mormons when it was introduced, and it remained controversial. Several other Mormon leaders, the most vocal being Orson Pratt, rejected the doctrine in favor of other theological ideas. Soon after Young's death in 1877, the Adam–God doctrine fell out of favor within mainstream Mormonism, and was replaced by a theology more similar to that of Orson Pratt, as codified by turn-of-the century Mormon theologians James E. Talmage, B. H. Roberts and John A. Widtsoe. Spencer W. Kimball later anounced that Mormonism does not and will not support this theory taught by some general authorities, "We hope that you who teach in the various organizations, whether on the campuses or in our chapels, will always teach the orthodox truth. We warn you against the dissemination of doctrines which are not according to the scriptures and which are alleged to have been taught by some of the General Authorities of past generations. Such, for instance, is the Adam-God theory. We denounce that theory and hope that everyone will be cautioned against this and other kinds of false doctrine." Mormons accept Adam as "the Ancient of Days and father of all." They do not recognize him as Heavenly Father.

Read more about Adam–God Doctrine:  Background, Description of The Doctrine

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Criticism Of Mormonism - Criticisms of Past Teachings - Adam–God Doctrine
... Richards, also accepted the doctrine as taught by Young, stating in a Conference held in June 1854 that "the Prophet and Apostle Brigham has declared it, and that it ... However, at the time of its first introduction, several leaders disagreed with the doctrine, including Apostle Orson Pratt, who expressed that disagreement publicly ... The church never formally adopted the doctrine, and has since officially repudiated it ...
Adam–God Doctrine - History of The Doctrine in The 20th Century - Reaction By Mormon Fundamentalists - FLDS
... The Adam-God teaching is widely accepted as doctrine by members of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints ...
Adam And Eve (LDS Church) - Adam–God Doctrine
... This doctrine was taught several times by Brigham Young during general conferences and was supported by other high-ranking leaders of the church ... However, the Adam–God doctrine never gained wide support by the church as a whole and was not taught as canon by Brigham Young ...

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