Active camouflage or adaptive camouflage is camouflage that adapts, often rapidly, to the surroundings of an object such as an animal or military vehicle. In theory, active camouflage could provide perfect concealment from visual detection.
Active camouflage is used in several groups of animals, including reptiles on land, and cephalopod molluscs and flatfish in the sea. Animals achieve active camouflage both by color change and (among marine animals) by counterillumination.
In military usage, active camouflage remains at the research stage. Counterillumination camouflage was first investigated during the Second World War for marine use. Current research aims to achieve crypsis by using cameras to sense the visible background, and by controlling panels or coatings that can vary their appearance.
Other articles related to "active camouflage, camouflage":
... See also CategoryAnimals that can change color Active camouflage is present in several groups of animals including cephalopod molluscs, fish, and reptiles ... There are two mechanisms of active camouflage in animals counterillumination camouflage, and color change ... Counterillumination camouflage is the production of light to blend in against a lit background ...
... Active camouflage (or adaptive camouflage) is a group of camouflage technologies which would allow an object (usually military in nature) to blend into its surroundings by use of panels or coatings capable of ... Active camouflage can be seen as having the potential to become the perfection of the art of camouflaging things from visual detection ... Optical camouflage is a kind of active camouflage in which one wears a fabric which has an image of the scene directly behind the wearer projected onto it, so that the wearer appears invisible ...
Famous quotes containing the word active:
“Women have acquired equal place to man in society, but the double standard has really never been relinquished; certainly not by men. Modern mans fear of passivity or of the active woman proves to be as eternal as modern womans struggle to come to terms with her femininity.”
—Peter Blos (20th century)