Achilles Tendon - Evolution and Function

Evolution and Function

The Achilles tendon is short or absent in great apes, but long in arboreal gibbons and humans. It provides elastic energy storage in hopping, walking, and running. Computer models suggest this energy storage Achilles tendon increases top running speed by >80% and reduces running costs by more than three-quarters. It has been suggested that the "absence of a well-developed Achilles tendon in the nonhuman African apes would preclude them from effective running, both at high speeds and over extended distances."

Read more about this topic:  Achilles Tendon

Other articles related to "evolution":

Evolution - Social and Cultural Responses
... Further information Social effect of evolutionary theory and Objections to evolution In the 19th century, particularly after the publication of On the ... However, evolution remains a contentious concept for some theists ... While various religions and denominations have reconciled their beliefs with evolution through concepts such as theistic evolution, there are creationists who believe that ...
Intelligent Design Movement - Philosophy
... Ministries, Johnson gave a speech called How the Evolution Debate Can Be Won ... of intelligent design and its strategy for winning the battle "To talk of a purposeful or guided evolution is not to talk about evolution at all ... When you understand it that way, you realize that the Darwinian theory of evolution contradicts not just the Book of Genesis, but every word in the Bible from beginning to end ...
John Maynard Smith Prize - List of Winners
1997 Marie-Charlotte Anstett Facilitation and constraints in the evolution of mutualism 1999 Nicolas Galtier Non stationary models of nucleotide substitution and the evolution of base composition 2001 ...

Famous quotes containing the words function and/or evolution:

    The uses of travel are occasional, and short; but the best fruit it finds, when it finds it, is conversation; and this is a main function of life.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

    Historians will have to face the fact that natural selection determined the evolution of cultures in the same manner as it did that of species.
    Konrad Lorenz (1903–1989)