Abu Bakr

Abu Bakr

Abu Bakr (Abdullah ibn Abi Quhafa) (Arabic: عبد الله بن أبي قحافة, Transliteration: ʿAbd Allāh ibn Abī Quḥāfah, c. 573 CE – 23 August 634 CE) also known as Abū Bakr as-Șiddīq (Arabic: أبو بكر الصديق) was a senior companion (Sahabi) and the father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He ruled over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632–634 CE when he became the first Muslim Caliph following Muhammad's death. As Caliph, Abu Bakr succeeded to the political and administrative functions previously exercised by Muhammad, since the religious function and authority of prophethood ended with Muhammad's death according to Islam. He was called Al-Siddiq (The Truthful) and was known by that title among later generations of Muslims.

As a young man, Abu Bakr became a cloth merchant and he traveled extensively in Arabia and neighboring lands in the Middle East, through which he gained both wealth and experience. He eventually came to be recognized as the chief of his clan. On his return from a business trip to Yemen, he was informed that in his absence Muhammad had openly declared his prophethood. Not long after, Abu Bakr accepted Islam and was the first person outside the family of Muhammad to openly become a Muslim. He was instrumental in the conversion of many people to the Islamic faith and early in 623, Abu Bakr's daughter Aisha was married to Muhammad, strengthening the ties between the two men.

Abu Bakr served as a trusted advisor and close friend to Muhammad. During the lifetime of Muhammad, he was involved in several campaigns such as the Battle of Uhud, the Battle of the Trench, the Invasion of Banu Qurayza, Battle of Khaybar, the Conquest of Mecca, the Battle of Hunayn, the Siege of Ta'if, and the Battle of Tabuk where he was reported to have given all of his wealth for the preparation of this expedition. He also participated in the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah and was made one of the witnesses over the pact.

Abu Bakr's Caliphate lasted for a little over two years (or 27 months), ending with his death after an illness. Though the period of his caliphate was not long, it included successful invasions of the two most powerful empires of the time, a remarkable achievement in its own right. He set in motion a historical trajectory that in few decades would lead to one of the largest empires in history.

Read more about Abu BakrLineage and Title, Early Life, Migrations To Abyssinia, 615, Last Years in Mecca, Migration To Medina, Death of Muhammad, Other Ahadith On The Virtues of Abu Bakr, Election of Abu Bakr To Caliphate, Reign As A Caliph, Death, Legacy, Hadith Transmitted By Him

Other articles related to "abu bakr, abu":

Abu Bakr - Hadith Transmitted By Him
... been transmitted from Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim that Abu Bakr related, "I said to the Prophet 'O Messenger of Allah! Teach me a supplication which I may make in prayer.' He replied 'Say Oh Allah! I have done my ... in ibn Majah and the Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal, it has been reported from Abu Bakr that Muhammad said, "Stick to speaking the truth because truth is a companion of birr (righte ... to change it..." According to a narration of Abu Bakr as reported in Jami al Tirmidhi, Tafsir ibn Jarir and elsewhere, when Muhammed recited this verse (4123), "And whoever does evil shall be requited for it ...
Saif Ad-Din Abu-Bakr
... Saif ad-Din Abu-Bakr (Arabic سيف الدين أبو بكر, royal name al-Malik al-Mansur Saif ad-Din Abu Bakr (Arabic الملك المنصور سيف الدين أبو بكر)) (b ... by Kujuk Persondata Name Saif Ad-Din Abu-Bakr Alternative names Short description Mamluk sultan of Egypt Date of birth Place of birth Date of death 1341 Place of death ...
Sayyid Abu Bakr Al-Aidarus (saint) - Death and Legacy
... Abu Bakr's death in 1508 (although some source suggested that he died in 1503) was greatly mourned by the Adenis ... The city residents published copies of obituaries commemorating the life of Abu Bakr, and an account of Abu Bakr's birthplace, Tarim was also published ...
Suraqa Bin Malik
... Abu Jahal and three of his accomplices, tracked Muhammad and his companion Abu Bakr, reached the mouth of the cave ... Abu Bakr trembled with fear at the sound of the advancing steps of the pursuers but Muhammad assured him they were safe Allah was with them. 100 camels for anyone who tracked Muhammad and Abu Bakr ...
Sayyid Abu Bakr Al-Aidarus (saint) - Death and Legacy - Aidarus Mosque
... Several people alleged the Abu Bakr may have possessed mystical powers and claimed that they had met his spirit while sleeping a legend mentioned of a Sikh traveller who met Abu Bakr in ... In his dream, Abu Bakr instructed the Sikh to bathe in a nearby pond and he quickly recovered ... The Sikh met Abu Bakr again after his return to India, who narrated to Abu Bakr of his difficulty of bringing wood to Yemen for the construction of the mosque's doors ...