Abdominal Obesity

Abdominal obesity, also known as belly fat or clinically as central obesity, is excessive abdominal fat around the stomach and abdomen. It can also occcur in both children and teenagers if either of their parents have Abdominal obesity.There is a strong correlation between central obesity and cardiovascular disease. Abdominal obesity is not confined only to the elderly and obese subjects. Abdominal obesity has been linked to Alzheimer's Disease as well as other metabolic and vascular diseases.

Visceral and central abdominal fat and waist circumference show a strong association with type 2 diabetes.

Visceral fat, also known as organ fat or intra-abdominal fat, is located inside the peritoneal cavity, packed in between internal organs and torso, as opposed to subcutaneous fat‚ which is found underneath the skin, and intramuscular fat‚ which is found interspersed in skeletal muscle. Visceral fat is composed of several adipose depots including mesenteric, epididymal white adipose tissue (EWAT) and perirenal fat. An excess of visceral fat is known as central obesity, the "pot belly" or "beer belly" effect, in which the abdomen protrudes excessively. This body type is also known as "apple shaped‚" as opposed to "pear shaped‚" in which fat is deposited on the hips and buttocks. Scientists have come to recognize that body fat, instead of body weight, is the key to evaluating obesity.

Researchers first started to focus on abdominal obesity in the 1980s when they realized that it had an important connection to cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and dyslipidemia. Abdominal obesity was more closely related with metabolic distractions connected with cardiovascular disease than was general obesity. In the late 1980s and early 1990s insightful and powerful imaging techniques were discovered that would further help advance our understanding of the health risks associated with body fat accumulation. Techniques such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging made it possible to dissect mass of adipose tissue located at the abdominal level into intra-abdominal fat and subcutaneous fat.

Read more about Abdominal ObesityCauses, Diagnosis, Health Risks, Pathophysiology of Visceral Obesity, Measurement, Prevention and Treatments, Social Views

Other articles related to "abdominal obesity, obesity, abdominal":

Foopah
... Abdominal obesity, also known as belly fat or clinically as central obesity, is excessive abdominal fat around the stomach and abdomen ... It can also occur in both children and teenagers if either of their parents have Abdominal obesity ... There is a strong correlation between central obesity and cardiovascular disease ...
Abdominal Obesity - Social Views
... Besides the health aspect of the subject, obesity has a strong influence on one's general mood and behaviour. 12.51% of people with class 3 obesity, which is classified as a BMI greater or equal to 40, however, were found to suffer from DIS/DSM-III major depression ...
Foopah - Measurement - Sex Differences
79 years now exceed the waist circumference threshold for abdominal obesity ... Abdominal obesity is positively associated with coronary heart disease risk in women and men ... Abdominal obesity in males is correlated with comparatively low testosterone levels for men ...