Abacá

Abacá ( /ɑːbəˈkɑː/ ah-bə-KAH; from Spanish: abacá ), binomial name Musa textilis, is a species of banana native to the Philippines, grown as a commercial crop in the Philippines, Ecuador, and Costa Rica. The plant is of great economic importance, being harvested for its fibre, once generally called Manila hemp, extracted from the trunk or pseudostem. On average, the plant grows about 12 feet (4 meters) tall. The fiber was originally used for making twines and ropes; now most abacá is pulped and used in a variety of specialized paper products including tea bags, filter paper and banknotes. It is classified as a hard fiber, along with coir, henequin and sisal.

Read more about Abacá:  Economic Importance, History, Composition, Applications, Harvesting, Pathogens, Scientific Classification

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