24th Field Artillery Regiment (United States)
The 24th Philippine Scout Field Artillery Regiment (24th FA (PS)) was part of the US Army's Philippine Division, formed in 1922 and active until April 1942. Antecedent units dated back to 1899.
The 24th FA was organized in 1922 at Fort Stotsenburg, in the Philippines, from the 1st Philippine Artillery Regiment. During the Battle of the Philippines (1941–1942) against the Japanese, the 24th FA participated in the withdrawal, on Luzon, to the Bataan Peninsula. The 24th surrendered in April 1942.
The 1st Philippine Artillery Regiment had been provisionally formed, in 1917, at Fort Stotsenburg, from the 11th and 12th Philippine Scout Battalions, by the 2nd Philippine Artillery Regiment. In 1922, this unit was reorganized as the 24th Field Artillery Regiment (PS). The 11th and 12th Philippine Scout Battalions (12th PS) had been formed in the Philippines in 1901. They were primarily composed of men from various provisional infantry companies, of Philippine Scouts, formed in 1899. Both battalions were involved in combat at Samar, Mindanao, and Jolo.
The Regiment was awarded the Philippines Islands Campaign Streamer.
Members of the 24th Field Artillery Regiment included Juan Reyes Fabia, Lieutenant General Edward H. Brooks, and Elias Coloma.
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