The "1890 Manifesto", sometimes simply called "The Manifesto", is a statement which officially disavowed the continuing practice of plural marriage in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). Issued by church president Wilford Woodruff in September 1890, the Manifesto was a response to mounting anti-polygamy pressure from the United States Congress, which by 1890 had disincorporated the church, escheated its assets to the U.S. federal government, and imprisoned many prominent polygamist Mormons.
The Manifesto was a dramatic turning point in the history of the LDS Church. It officially prohibited church members from entering into any marriage prohibited by the law of the land, and made it possible for Utah to become a U.S. state. Nevertheless, even after the Manifesto the church quietly continued to perform a small number of plural marriages in the United States, Mexico, and Canada, thus necessitating a Second Manifesto during U.S. congressional hearings in 1904. Though neither Manifesto dissolved existing plural marriages, plural marriage in the LDS Church gradually died by attrition during the early 1900s. The Manifesto was canonized in the LDS Church Standard Works as Official Declaration—1 and is considered by mainstream Mormons to have been prompted by divine revelation, which is disputed by Mormon fundamentalists.
Read more about 1890 Manifesto: Background, The Manifesto, Formal Acceptance By The LDS Church, New Plural Marriages Vs. Existing Plural Marriages, Aftermath and Post-Manifesto Plural Marriage, Evolution of Latter-day Saint Views On The Manifesto
Other articles related to "1890 manifesto, manifesto, 1890":
... The Manifesto has been canonized by the LDS Church, and its text appears in the Doctrine and Covenants, one of the church's books of scripture ... However, when the Manifesto was issued, it was not apparent that Woodruff or the other leaders of the LDS Church viewed it as the result of a divine revelation ... Approximately one year after he declared the Manifesto, Woodruff began to claim that he had received instructions from Jesus Christ that formed the basis of what he wrote in the text of the Manifesto ...
... By September 1890, federal officials were preparing to seize the church’s four temples and the U.S ... that on the night of September 23, 1890, he received a revelation from Jesus Christ that the church should cease the practice of plural marriage ... Woodruff announced the Manifesto on September 25 by publishing it in the church-owned Deseret Weekly in Salt Lake City ...