142nd Field Artillery Regiment (United States) - World War I - Mobilization


When the United States declared war on Germany 6 April 1917, less than two months had passed since the last Arkansas National Guard units completed mustering out from duty on the Mexican border. By 4 April 1917 the 2nd Arkansas Regiment was on 48-hour standby, but had not received mobilization orders. On 18 May 1917 the Arkansas National Guard was notified that on 5 August 1917 the Guard as a whole would be called into federal service.

The Arkansas National Guard was initially informed that its units would be assigned to the 18th Division, along with the states of Mississippi and Louisiana, and the state was directed to raise one regiment of infantry, one regiment of field artillery, and one outpost of company signal corps. The men of the Arkansas National Guard trained hard after hearing the news. Intensified cross county hiking, drilling, and maneuvering were evident when the men took sack lunches and marched into Little Rock for the Memorial Day parade with all other troops stationed at Ft. Root.

By 16 July 1917 the 2nd Arkansas Infantry included the following units:

Regiment Unit Station Officers Enlisted
2nd Regiment Company A, Springdale 3 141
Company B, Fayetteville 3 150
Company C, Dardanelle 3 115
Company D, Fort Smith 3 140
Company E, Paris 1 140
Company G, Russellville 3 140
Company H, Bentonville 2 150
Company I, Texarkana 2 119
Company K, Ozark 3 120
Company L, Ola 3 129
Company M, Harrison 3 100
Headquarters Company, Paris 2 59
Supply Company, Van Buren 3 39
Machine Gun Company, Fort Smith 3 71
Medical Corps, Little Rock 8 32

On 18 July 1917 the Arkansas National Guard was assigned to Alexandria, Louisiana, for training as the 18th Division. Alexandria, Louisiana, is the location of Camp Beauregard. The camp was named after General P. G. T. Beauregard, C.A.A.

The 2nd and 3rd Infantry Regiments were examined for federal service on 6 August 1917 at Ft. Brough (located on the Capital grounds). The regiments, under the control of General Wood, were sent to Ft. Roots and moved to Camp Pike by 24 August 1917. The commander of the supply company of the 3rd Arkansas received instructions from the Augusta Arsenal to go into the open market and buy mess kits to complete the needed equipment for the new regiments.

Read more about this topic:  142nd Field Artillery Regiment (United States), World War I

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Famous quotes containing the word mobilization:

    When they are preparing for war, those who rule by force speak most copiously about peace until they have completed the mobilization process.
    Stefan Zweig (18811942)